Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Because our society is so computer-driven, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history in order to compile a FICO score.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in calculating your credit score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your credit score. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers will probably find their credit scores above 620.
FICO makes a huge difference in your interest rate
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I raise my credit score?
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is built on your lifetime credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must know your score and make sure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at (773) 774-9040 Ext 121.